What is meant by special educational needs (SEN)?

A child or young person has a special educational needs (SEN)if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her. A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or has a disability which prevents or hinders him or her for making use of educational facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post-16 institutions.

The broad areas of SEN are

 

  • Communication and interaction
  • Cognition and learning
  • Social, emotional and mental health difficulties
  • Sensory and/or physical needs

 

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